Sometimes it is caused by a genetic or inherited condition, by complications during pregnancy or childbirth, or by a childhood illness. Often though, the cause is not known.
An intellectual disability is not a mental illness, and should not be confused with conditions such as dyslexia or autism.
People with an intellectual disability find it harder than others to learn, understand and communicate. People with profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) need full-time help with every aspect of their lives.
Because of their disability, many people still find it harder to enjoy sport. They find it more difficult to find a club, to access events, or to find coaches who understand the support they need. Too often, sports organisations are simply not accessible, and do not encourage people with an intellectual disability to get involved.
Inas strives to overcome these barriers. Through our member organisations, thousands of people with an intellectual disability enjoy sport – be it for fun, leisure or competition. For the very best, Inas offers an opportunity to compete at an international level, including the Paralympic Games.
To find out more about intellectual disability, visit the American Association for Intellectual and Developmental Disability.